Place the Sheath: Emergent 7 French Femoral Sheath Placement is Low Risk During Initial Trauma Resuscitation
Keywords:Trauma Resuscitation, Emergent Common Femoral Artery Access, Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta, Endovascular Resuscitation Complications
Background: We hypothesized that emergent placement of 7 French (Fr) common femoral artery (CFA) sheaths during trauma resuscitation for potential resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) carries a low complication rate.
Methods: Trauma patients at a Level I trauma center with emergent CFA access from January 2016 through to December 2020 were reviewed. CFA access was categorized as (1) 7 Fr sheath plus REBOA (REBOA) and (2) 7 Fr sheath without REBOA (Sheath). Outcomes included mortality and vascular complications.
Results: 157 patients underwent emergent CFA access. Sixty-nine (43.9%) patients had a 7 Fr CFA sheath, and 88 (56.1%) progressed to REBOA. The mortality rate was similar (Sheath 30.4% vs. REBOA 34.1%, p = 0.63). The REBOA cohort had a significantly higher complication rate (22.7%) compared to the Sheath cohort (4.3%, p = 0.001).
Conclusions: Emergent 7 Fr CFA sheath placement during trauma resuscitation is low risk, suggesting empiric sheath placement is warranted in potential REBOA candidates.
- 2023-02-23 (2)
- 2023-01-20 (1)