Use of Intermittent Aortic Balloon Occlusion: Report from the ABO Trauma Registry


  • Johan Buitendag Stellenbosch University
  • Saffiya Variawa
  • Aashish Diayar
  • Pieter Snyders
  • Pieter Rademan Doctor
  • Nabeel Allopi
  • David Thomas McGreevy
  • Tal Martin Horer
  • George Oosthuizen
  • ABO Trauma Registry Group



Intermittent REBOA, ABO Trauma Registry, Trauma Hemorrhage, Trauma


Background: Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) is a helpful adjunct in the management
of hemorrhagic shock due to bleeding in the abdomen or pelvis. Ischemia distal to the occlusion is a concern;
intermittent aortic balloon inflation (i-REBOA) is a novel way to achieve decreased ischemia time.
Methods: This study was conducted using data from the multinational ABO Trauma Registry. All patients entered
between January 2016 and December 2019 were included.
Results: The sample consisted of 157 patients. There were 57 patients in the i-REBOA group (36%) and 100 in the
REBOA group (64%). The groups were similar in gender (P = 0.50), age (P = 0.17), mechanism of injury (P = 0.42), and
injury severity score (P = 0.13). The levels of international normalized ratio (INR) (P < 0.01), activated partial thromboplastin
time (aPTT) (P < 0.01) and lactate (P = 0.02) were higher in the i-REBOA group. Total balloon inflation times were
longer in the i-REBOA group (P < 0.01). Major complication rates did not differ between groups. Mortality rates between
groups were similar in the Emergency Department (ED) (3.8% for i-REBOA vs 10.1%; P = 0.17), within 24 hours (43.4% for
i-REBOA vs 38.2%; P = 0.54), and at 30 days (63.6% for i-REBOA vs 48.4%; P = 0.07).
Conclusions: The data from this registry show that i-REBOA is currently being used and may allow for longer total
balloon inflation times without higher morbidity or mortality rates.


2023-03-31 — Updated on 2023-07-11


How to Cite

Buitendag, J., Variawa, S., Diayar, A., Snyders, P., Rademan, P., Allopi, N., McGreevy, D. T., Horer, T. M., Oosthuizen, G., & ABO Trauma Registry Group. (2023). Use of Intermittent Aortic Balloon Occlusion: Report from the ABO Trauma Registry. Journal of Endovascular Resuscitation and Trauma Management, 7(1). (Original work published March 31, 2023)



Original Article