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Narrative Review Article

Embolization and its limits: Tips and Tricks

Tips and tricks

  • Anna Maria Ierardi, Dr. MD. Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, IT
  • Filippo Pesapane, Dr. MD.
  • Tal Horer, Dr. MD. Faculty of Medicine and Health, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden
  • Victor Reva, Dr. MD. Department of War Surgery (V.A.R., A.I.M., M.V.S., I.M.S.), Kirov Military Medical Academy, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Prof. Dr. MD. Unità Operativa di Radiologia, Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy


Nowadays, the non-operative management is the preferred strategy, when possible. During the last years, improvement in embolic techniques and agents, make feasible and effective more conditions.

In the present paper current indications, technical requirements, advantages and disadvantages, contraindications are discussed. Moreover particular attention is given to the limits of the embolization procedure, suggesting some tips documented by literature data to overcome these limits. The most feared limit/complication is the risk of non-target embolization, especially when target tissues are noble organs.

Skilled interventional radiologists, inserted in an adequate multi-disciplinary team, have available tricks to limit risks, complications and failures.



How to Cite

IERARDI, Anna Maria et al. Embolization and its limits: Tips and Tricks. Journal of Endovascular Resuscitation and Trauma Management, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 3, sep. 2019. ISSN 2002-7567. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2020. doi:


Narrative Review Article